But Peter, standing up with the eleven, raised his voice and said to them, “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and heed my words. For these are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day. But this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel. He quotes from Joel 2:28-32.
“Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a Man attested by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know–Him, being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death; whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible that He should be held by it. “ He then quotes Psalm 16:8-11. This is one of several psalms that prophesy about Jesus.
“Men and brethren, let me speak freely to you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, He would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption. This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are all witnesses. Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He poured out this, which you now see and hear.
“For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he says himself:
‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”‘
“Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.”
Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Men and brethren, what shall we do?”
Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all who are afar off, as many as the Lord our God will call.”
When the disciples were accused of being intoxicated because they were speaking in different languages, Peter stood up and addressed the crowd. He makes the following interesting points:
- First he made it clear that he and the other disciples were not intoxicated but were in fact fulfilling the prophecy of the prophet Joel
- Jesus whom they wanted crucified, was raised from the dead by God. He was not left in the grave. The empty tomb testified that death and the enemy were defeated. Peter and the disciples were witnesses to the resurrection because He appeared to them on several occasions.
- King David who had not gone to heaven but was dead and buried, prophesied that Jesus would be raised to life
- Jesus was exalted and received from the Father, the promise of the Holy Spirit which was poured out on the disciples as the people present witnessed
- The same Man they crucified God made both Lord and Christ, which means the Anointed One
When the people heard this they were convicted and they asked what they ought to do. This was godly sorrow. Peter’s words seared their consciences and they wanted to do what was right. Peter told them exactly what they needed to do. First they had to repent and then be baptized in the name of Jesus for the remission of sins. Repentance came first, then baptism, which would wash away the sins and then they would receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. This promise was for everyone, including their children and to all those who God called to repentance.
In order for us to receive the Holy Spirit, we must first repent from our sins, be baptized in Jesus’ name for the remission of our sins. We must experience godly sorrow. The people didn’t just feel sorry they wanted to know what they could do. Godly sorrow is not just something we feel, it is something that leads us to take action—that is, it leads us to do what is right. Judas did not experience godly sorrow. It lead him to commit suicide instead of throwing himself on God’s mercy which would have been given to him, if he had only repented. Today, many of us need to ask the question, “What shall we do?